Fruits, "the Jezreelite," was the owner of a portion of ground on the eastern slope of the hill of Jezreel (2 Kings 9:25, 26). This small "plat of ground" seems to have been all he possessed. It was a vineyard, and lay "hard by the palace of Ahab" (1 Kings 21:1, 2), who greatly coveted it. Naboth, however, refused on any terms to part with it to the king. He had inherited it from his fathers, and no Israelite could lawfully sell his property (Lev. 25:23). Jezebel, Ahab's wife, was grievously offended at Naboth's refusal to part with his vineyard. By a crafty and cruel plot she compassed his death. His sons also shared his fate (2 Kings 9:26; 1 Kings 21:19). She then came to Ahab and said, "Arise, take possession of the vineyard; for Naboth is not alive, but dead." Ahab arose and went forth into the garden which had so treacherously and cruelly been acquired, seemingly enjoying his new possession, when, lo, Elijah suddenly appeared before him and pronounced against him a fearful doom (1 Kings 21:17-24). Jehu and Bidcar were with Ahab at this time, and so deeply were the words of Elijah imprinted on Jehu's memory that many years afterwards he refers to them (2 Kings 9:26), and he was the chief instrument in inflicting this sentence on Ahab and Jezebel and all their house (9:30-37). The house of Ahab was extinguished by him. Not one of all his great men and his kinsfolk and his priests did Jehu spare (10:11).
   Ahab humbled himself at Elijah's words (1 Kings 21:28, 29), and therefore the prophecy was fulfilled not in his fate but in that of his son Joram (2 Kings 9:25).
   The history of Naboth, compared with that of Ahab and Jezebel, furnishes a remarkable illustration of the law of a retributive providence, a law which runs through all history (comp. Ps. 109:17, 18).

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • NABOTH — (Heb. נָבוֹת), owner of a vineyard close to the palace of ahab king of Israel (I Kings 21:2). Naboth came from the town of Jezreel. Ahab coveted Naboth s vineyard, but Naboth refused to sell or exchange it, basing his refusal on the tradition… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Naboth — (hebräisch נבות) war eine Person im Alten Testament, der gemäß der biblischen Erzählung einen von König Ahab begehrten Weinberg in Jesreel besaß und deswegen umgebracht wurde. Namensbedeutung Die Bedeutung des Namens Naboth ist unsicher. In den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Naboth — était un habitant de Jezreel, qui refusa de vendre au roi Achab une vigne située près du palais de ce prince et qui était l héritage de ses pères : Jézabel, femme d Achab, l accusa, pour se venger, d avoir blasphémé contre Dieu et maudit le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Naboth [1] — Naboth, Bürger in Israel, welchen König Ahab auf Anstiften seiner Gemahlin Isebel steinigen ließ, um sich in den Besitz seines Weinberges zu setzen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Naboth [2] — Naboth, Mart., geb. 1675 zu Kalau in der Niederlausitz; wurde 1707 Professor der Chemie in Leipzig, beschäftigte sich auch mit Anatomie u. st. daselbst 1721. Benannt sind nach ihm die Nabothschen Eierchen (Ovula nabothiana, s. dessen Dissertation …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • NABOTH — vir Iudaeus, per iniuriam ac dolum ab Achabo rege, cui poenam Elias praedixit, circumventus, et interfectus, quia ei vineam suam vendere noluerat, 1 Reg. c. 21. v. 3. Torniel. A. M. 3135. n. 2 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Naboth — [nā′bäth] n. [Heb nābhōth] Bible a vineyard owner, killed at Jezebel s behest so that Ahab could seize the vineyard: 1 Kings 21 …   English World dictionary

  • Naboth — Jezebel and Ahab confronted by the prophet Elijah in Naboth s vineyard, print by Sir Francis Dicksee (1853 1928) Naboth (Hebrew: נבות‎, fruits ) the Jezreelite, is the central figure of a story from the Old Te …   Wikipedia

  • Naboth — (fl. 9th cent BCE)    Israelite landowner. He possessed a vineyard, which Ahab coveted. When Naboth refused to give it up, Ahab s queen Jezebel plotted to bring about his downfall. She persuaded the local elders to honour Naboth and then to bring …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Naboth — Owner of a vineyard which King Ahab wished to buy because it adjoined the royal property; but when Naboth refused to sell, Queen Jezebel conspired to bring a false charge of blasphemy against him, for which he was stoned. Ahab moved in to take… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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